English for Agriculture - Beginners and Intermediate

Rabbits

A baby rabbit is called a kit.

Female is called a doe.

A male is a buck.  

A group of rabbits is called a herd.

Rabbits are herbivores. These animals need an appropriate diet. Fibre is the most vital food for rabbits. It is essential for their digestive health, and they can die without it. They have to eat a small daily amount of green vegetables such as hay and grass. When they eat fruit and carrots they do not get all the nutrients they need, but they get full without having what they really need. Because their diet contains so much cellulose, they pass two different kinds of feces to completely break down their food.  While other grazers (cows) will chew and swallow their food, then bring it back up (as cows chew cud), rabbits will re-ingest their feces at once to get all of the nutrients they need.

Rabbits are territorial animals which live in organized social groups. They live in underground tunnels with different entrances and exits. They communicate vocally, but most of the time they seemed very quiet, with varying types of vocalizations communicating different messages. Rabbits have an excellent sense of smell, hearing and vision. They have nearly 360° panoramic vision, allowing them to see predators from all directions. They can see everything behind them and only have a small blind-spot in front of their nose. Rabbits have strong hind limbs which allow them to leap great distances. They can jump up to one meter high and three meters long.

In the wild, rabbits have plenty to keep them occupied, from foraging to reproduction or territorial defense. In the wild, rabbits are social creatures, a fact that does not change just because they are kept as pets. Pet rabbits, often lack stimulation, which can lead to behavioral problems and poor health. Much like humans, they need to be kept physically and mentally active. A rabbit’s natural environment can be imitated by providing enrichment such as tunnels and platforms for climbing, tree stumps, twigs, suitable toys, and places to hide such as cardboard boxes. Also, they should be offered shelter and hiding places – because when they are in open spaces with no protection they will feel threatened.


Curious facts.

A rabbit’s life span is about 8 years, though sterilized rabbits can live as long as 10-12 years.

A rabbit’s teeth never stop growing.  Many people believe they need to chew to keep their teeth short.  While they do enjoy chewing, it’s the normal wear from where their top and bottom teeth meet that keeps a rabbit’s teeth short.

Just like humans, rabbits become bored if their environments remain the same, so they can benefit from variety and occasional change of scenery.

 A rabbit is a domestic animal similar to horses. They have similar eyes, teeth, and ears but in different dimensions. 

Bunnies cannot vomit, so it is super important to feed them only healthy, fresh, appropriate food.


They can be trained to exercise and go over small jumps, which is great for their health. 


Being active reduces the risk of rabbits becoming overweight and even obese, as well as providing physical and mental stimulation.


Rabbits should be kept in pairs. Without the company of another rabbit they get lonely and bored.



Last modified: Monday, 22 February 2016, 6:26 PM
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