English for Agriculture - Beginners and Intermediate

Fruit vs. Vegetable

In this session will be explained some differences and similarities that fruits and vegetables have. Vegetables and fruits should make up the base of everyone’s nutritional pyramid. They are the base of a high quality, healthy diet. First thing, we can say that a fruit developed from a flower and vegetable is actually not a scientific term. They can be defined differently depending on whether you are a farmer or a chef. A farmer describe a fruit is a seed-bearing structure that develops from the ovary of a flowering plant; instead vegetables are all other plant parts, such as roots, leaves and stems. A Chef would describe a fruit as any sweet-tasting plant product with seeds; instead, a vegetable is any savory or less sweet-tasting plant. A lot of foods that are (botanically speaking) fruits, but which are savories rather than sweet, are typically considered vegetables by chefs.



  • They are alkaline producing, which can help to preserve bone mass and muscle tissue.
  • Fruits and vegetables have similar health benefits. They are rich in antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytonutrients.
  • They contain lots of water to help you stay hydrated.
  • They are low in calories relative to their volume. Consuming them on a regular basis can result in a higher volume of food intake. Since humans eat a rational volume of food, eating such low calorie density foods can help to control food intake and manage body weight.
  • Most fruits and vegetables are low on the glycemic index and that is why do not affect blood glucose and insulin levels. This can help with making someone feels satisfied in order not to eat a lot of food. Diets with a base of fruits and vegetables tend to be lower in saturated fat and cholesterol, and have higher levels of dietary fiber, magnesium and potassium, vitamins C and E, etc. Consuming vegetables and fruits in the form of greens supplements can provide similar nutrients so you can replace them when you do not have them available, but still it is recommended to eat the fresh option.
  • Both fruits and vegetables are recommended as part of a healthy diet.
  • Both fruits and vegetables can be made into juice for a refreshing beverage.



  • The term fruit is both a scientific and botanical description of a type of plant and the term vegetable is used by people to describe a certain category of food.
  • Fruits are generally sweet tasting and vegetables are more savory and less sweet.
  • Fruits are also typically served as part of dessert or as snacks, and vegetables are often part of the main dish.
  • Most fruits are sweet with bitter seeds, because they have a simple sugar called fructose, while most vegetables are less sweet because they have much less fructose.
  • Most fruits contain more calories per serving than vegetables because of their sugar content.
  • A fruit is part of the plant that develops from a flower. It is also the section of the plant that has the seeds. The other parts of plants are considered vegetables. These include the stems, leaves, roots, and even the flower bud.

These are some of the most important fruit and vegetables:


  • Tomato
  • Cucumber
  • Zucchini
  •  Pepper
  • Olive
  • Apple
  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Grape
  • Lemon
  • Mandarin
  • Mango
  • Pear
  • Strawberry
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Squash




Dictionary definition

Glycemic index is a figure representing the relative ability of a carbohydrate food to increase the level of glucose in the blood.

Last modified: Wednesday, 7 September 2016, 9:53 PM
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