English for Agriculture - Beginners and Intermediate


Cattle is the technical word for a group of these animals. We use the word cow to talk to all of the big grass-eating animals that farmers raise for milk and beef, but cow is the correct name for the female cattle. When farmers speak about a single cow they call them a head of cattle, example: My family raises cattle. We have about twenty heads.

Cattle could be raised for beef or dairy; but in other countries like India, where they practice the Hindu religion, cows are sacred and are allowed to be in the streets free. A head of cattle can be fed with corn, hay, barley, beet pulp, grass and wheat, depends on what they are raised for. Cattle, which are raised for meat, are slaughtered when they are less than 2 years old. Calves killed for meat do not get to live more than a few months. We can have different cuts of meat that many of us eat every day. These include ribs, steak, fillet mignon and ground.

Cattle used in the dairy industry provide us with nutritional products. There are many different dairy products but some, you might be most familiar with, include milk, cheese, yogurt, butter and ice cream. Other dairy products include sour cream, cottage cheese, whey, cream cheese and condensed milk. Dairy products are often used in cooking and baking and contain calcium that can help to strengthen your bones. These types of cattle are sent to slaughter when their milk production slows, usually around the age of 4.

 Next I will explain the correct names you can call a cattle:

A female is called a cow

A baby is a calf

A group of cattle is a herd

The meat from the cattle is called beef

Curious facts about cattle

A head of cattle can produce 6 gallons of milk a day!

Each dairy head of cattle produces 200,000 cups a milk in her lifetime

Cattle have 32 teeth.

Cattle drink 35 gallons of water a day.

They eat 50 pounds of food a day.

Cattle live up to 25 years.

They can run 35 miles per hour.

In deep mud cattle can run faster than horses!

A head of cattle has one stomach with four compartments.

Last modified: Monday, 1 February 2016, 4:23 PM
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