English for Agriculture - Beginners and Intermediate
Pigs are also known as hogs or swine. Pig’s meat is called pork. Like humans, pigs are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals. They are valued as meat producers. Their meat is used in many different ways around the world. Male pigs of any age are called boars; female pigs are called sows; a baby pig is called a piglet. A group of pigs is called herd. Pigs are found and raised all over the world. Pigs provide valuable products to humans. The best pork meat cut from a pig are from the back (roast), loin (chops) and the legs (ham). Other products that farmers can get from pigs are lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, and a variety of medicines.
One advantage about pigs is, that since a young age, they keep a lot of fat, and they have their mature earlier than other animals. When a farmer raises pigs, he should be careful in the feeding habits. Since their meat mature early they should be fed on a well-balanced diet if not they can be over fat. Pigs raised on farms can be fed with wheat, barley, and oats. On the other hand, in the wild, pigs eat everything from leaves, roots, and fruit to rodents and small reptiles.
Despite their reputation, pigs are not dirty animals. They’re actually quite clean. The pig’s reputation as a filthy animal comes from its habit of rolling in mud to cool off. Pigs that live in cool, covered environments stay very clean.
Curious facts about pigs:
• pigs have an excellent sense of smell
• pigs can pass on a variety of diseases to humans
• pigs have small lungs
• A pig uses its snout to find food, dig holes and to sense what’s around them
• piglets are about 2.5 pounds when they are born
• An adult pig is on average weighs 300-700 pounds!
• pigs have 44 teeth
• pigs communicate with other pigs with different sounds such as squealing or grunting
• a mother pig sings to her piglet while nursing
• pigs drink up to 14 gallons of water every day
• There are about 2 billion pigs on earth!
• pigs live on every continent except for Antarctica